Wakaleo pitikantensis

The smallest member of the genus Wakaleo, W. pitikantensis  was a cat-sized marsupial predator that likely hunted in the trees or ambushed its prey by dropping on them from a branch. It was first described in 1987 as Priscileo pitikantensis but later recognised as belonging to the genus Wakaleo.


Geological age: late Oligocene
State/territory: South Australia
Locality/site: Lake Kanunka, Etadunna Formation

Maxilla of Wakaleo pitikantensis SAMA P37719
Maxilla of Wakaleo pitikantensis SAMA P37719
Scapula, humerus, and radius of Wakaleo pitikantensis SAMA P37720
Scapula, humerus, and radii of Wakaleo pitikantensis SAMA P37720

Skeletal element: maxilla
Specimen number: SAMA P37719
Significance of specimen: Holotype

Skeletal element: humerus (left)
Specimen number: SAMA P37720

View the radius and scapula of Wakaleo pitikantensis.


Rauscher, B. (1987). Priscileo pitikantensis, a new genus and species of thylacoleonid marsupial (Marsupialia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Miocene Etadunna Formation, South Australia. Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution. Surrey Beatty & Sons and the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 423-432.

Gillespie, A. K., Archer, M., Hand, S. J., & Black, K. H. (2014). New material referable to Wakaleo (Marsupialia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Riversleigh World Heritage Area, northwestern Queensland: revising species boundaries and distributions in Oligo/Miocene marsupial lions. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology38(4), 513-527.

Gillespie, A. K., Archer, M., & Hand, S. J. (2019). A new Oligo–Miocene marsupial lion from Australia and revision of the family Thylacoleonidae. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology17(1), 59-89.