Members of the family Palorchestidae have been present in Australia from the late Oligocene through to the late Pleistocene. Featuring tall, narrow skulls with small orbits and a long, narrow snout, their unusal morphology and rarity of fossil material has led to various hypotheses on how these animals lived and looked. The Miocene Palorchestes painei is a poorly known taxon due to the scarcity of fossil material.
Skeletal element: Cranium
Specimen number: NTM P5559
Geological age: Miocene
State/territory: Northern Territory
Locality/site: Main Pit, Alcoota